Currently, many electronic cigarette products on the market contain nicotine salt, and many consumers are unfamiliar with it. So, what is nicotine salt? What is the difference between nicotine and nicotine salt? Today, I will introduce it to you.
What is nicotine?
Nicotine is a type of alkaloid that naturally exists in tobacco. It is an active ingredient in tobacco smoke and a highly addictive substance. Nicotine is a colorless and transparent liquid with a pungent odor, a bitter taste, and a volatile oil-like texture. It turns brown when exposed to light or air and can dissolve rapidly in water and ethanol. Nicotine exists in many Solanaceae plants, including tobacco, peppers, eggplants, tomatoes, potatoes, and so on.
What is nicotine salt?
Nicotine salt is a more stable compound formed by nicotine and other organic components and is one of the main ingredients in electronic cigarette oil. Although called a "salt," nicotine salt is not actually a salt but a crystal formed by the reaction of freebase nicotine with an organic acid. These salts contain not only nicotine but also other organic components. They may combine with one or more chemicals in tobacco leaves, but the result is the same - the formation of a more stable molecule. Nicotine salt concentration is calculated in the same way as regular nicotine, with options of 3mg and 6mg. Nicotine salt has stronger penetration power than regular nicotine, which allows for the efficient delivery of nicotine in a shorter period of time, and it hardly irritates the user's throat. Nicotine salt e-juice provides a comfortable inhaling experience and can help with nicotine addiction.
Which one has a stronger throat hit, nicotine or nicotine salt?
Freebase nicotine has a stronger throat hit.
In the past, nicotine was present in e-liquids in its freebase form. After being vaporized by an electronic device, only a small portion of the nicotine could effectively reach the user, with most of it causing excessive throat irritation instead of delivering the desired nicotine hit. This form of nicotine not only fails to satisfy users' cravings but also irritates the throat, making it difficult for users to obtain the same satisfaction as smoking real cigarettes.
Nicotine salts have solved these problems. Researchers have found that adding benzoic acid can neutralize the acidity and allow more freebase nicotine to remain stable in the solvent, leading to the creation of nicotine salts. Compared with ordinary e-liquids, nicotine salts are more stable, less volatile, and the nicotine in them is more easily absorbed by the body.
What are the effects of nicotine and nicotine salts?
Nicotine is a natural stimulant. When nicotine enters the body, it first enters the lungs, then dissolves into the bloodstream, and finally reaches the brain, where it stimulates the production of dopamine, which makes people feel excited. However, as the body metabolizes nicotine, it gradually leaves the body through sweat and urine within 3 hours.
Nicotine salt can be added to e-liquids to efficiently deliver nicotine to the body. E-cigarettes containing nicotine salt simulate the satisfying sensation of smoking, are neutral and mild, and cause less throat irritation.